banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Assisted hepatic resection using a toroidal HIFU device: An in vivo comparative study in pig
Rent this article for


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

A toroidal-shaped HIFU transducer generates large conical lesions. (a) Geometric focalization. (b) B-mode ultrasound image of the liver performed before HIFU exposures with the integrated sectorial ultrasound imaging probe (working frequency: 7.5 MHz, numerical image resolution: 5 pixels/mm). (c) Image of the liver 5 s after the end of the exposures. A cloud of ebullition appears momentarily (approximately during 1 min) at the location of the lesion. (d) High resolution image of a cone-shaped single HIFU lesion performed with a linear imaging probe (working frequency: 12 MHz, numerical image resolution: 10 pixels/mm). 5 min after the end of HIFU exposures, the single lesion appears on sonogram as a hyperechoic zone at its center and a hypoechoic zone at its boundaries. (e) View of gross sample of the coagulated conical zone in liver tissues.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Creation of a wall of necrosis on the resection line by juxtaposing single HIFU lesions.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Surgical hepatic resection assisted by HIFU. Resection of the right central lobe (HIFU group). (1) In situ view of the lobe after HIFU precoagulation. Macroscopic control of the precoagulation was possible since HIFU lesions were visible on the anterior surface of the lobe. (2) HIFU necrosis was also visible on the superior surface of the lobe. (3) Surgical resection of the lobe on the line of precoagulation by using the Kelly clamp crushing technique (kellyclasy). (4) Slice of resection on the remaining parenchyma after the end of the procedure.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(a) Resected lobes. (b) Percentage of resected lobe. (c) Resection slice on gross pathology at day 0 (HIFU group). (d) Average surface area of the resection slice in each group.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Vascular control during resection. (a) Average number of surgical clips used per surface unit and per resection. (b) Blood loss volume per surface unit and per resection.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Treatment time. (a) Procedure time for a one lobe resection. (b) Intrinsic resection time of one lobe.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Resection slice at day 14 on the remaining parenchyma (HIFU group). (a) View on gross pathology. (b) Microscopic view


Generic image for table

Animal characteristics and resection parameters.


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Assisted hepatic resection using a toroidal HIFU device: An in vivo comparative study in pig