1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
oa
Backscatter x-ray machines at airports are safe
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116
1.
1.F. Cerra, “Assessment of the Rapiscan Secure 1000 Bodyscanner for Conformance with Radiological Safety Standards,” Arlington, VA, Transportation Security, 21 July 2006 (available URL: http://www.tsa.gov/assets/pdf/rapiscan_secure_1000.pdfAdministration).
2.
2.Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, “Radiation safety engineering assessment report for the Rapiscan Secure 1000 in single pose configuration,” 2009 (available URL: http://www.tsa.gov/assets/pdf/jh_apl_v1.pdf).
3.
3.F. Szrom and C. Jones, “Using OSL dosimeters to evaluate potential doses to individuals screened by whole-body security screening systems,” 56th Annual Meeting of the Health Physics Society (West Palm Beach, Florida, 2011), http://hpschapters.org/2011AM/program/singlesession.php3?sessid=THAM-E.
4.
4.M. Tubiana, A. Aurengo, D. Averbeck, A. Bonnin, B. Le Guen, R. Masse, R. Monier, A. Valleron, and F. De Vathaire, “Dose-effect relationships and the estimation of the carcinogenic effects of low doses of ionizing radiation: Joint report No. 2, Academie Nationale de Medecine, Institut de France-Academie des Sciences” (Edition Nucleon, Paris, 2005).
5.
5.B. A. Ulsh, “Checking the foundation: Recent radiobiology and the linear no-threshold theory,” Health Phys. 99, 747758 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0b013e3181e32477
6.
6.D. Averbeck, “Does scientific evidence support a change from the LNT model for low-dose radiation risk extrapolation?,” Health Phys. 97, 493504 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0b013e3181b08a20
7.
7.ICRP, International Commission on Radiological Protection, “The 2007 Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection,” ICRP Publication 103, Ann. ICRP 37(2–4) (2007).
8.
8.P. Rez, R. L. Metzger, and K. L. Mossman, “The dose from Compton backscatter screening,” Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 145, 7581 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncq358
9.
9.D. J. Brenner, “Are x-ray backscatter scanners safe for airport passenger screening? For most individuals, probably yes, but a billion scans per year raises long-term public health concerns,” Radiology 259, 610 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.11102347
10.
10.P. J. M. Stallen, R. Geerts, and H. K. Vrijling, “Three conceptions of quantified societal risk,” Risk Anal. 16, 635644 (1996).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1996.tb00813.x
11.
11.ICRP, International Commission on Radiological Protection, “Radiological protection policy for the disposal of radioactive waste,” Ann. ICRP 27(Suppl), 121 (1997).
12.
12.NCRP, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, “Principles and application of collective dose in radiation protection,” NCRP Report No. 121 (NCRP, Bethesda, MD, 1995).
13.
13.Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, “Scientific and policy considerations in developing smallpox vaccination options: A workshop report” (The National Academies Press, Washington, DC, 2002).
14.
14.D. M. Sheen, D. L. McMakin, and T. E. Hall, “Detection of explosives by millimeter-wave imaging,” in Counterterrorist Detection Techniques of Explosives, edited by J. Yinon (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2007), pp. 237278.
15.
15.Vijayalaxmi, M. K. Logani, A. Bhanushali, M. C. Ziskin, and T. J. Prihoda, “Micronuclei in peripheral blood and bone marrow cells of mice exposed to 42 GHz electromagnetic millimeter waves,” Radiat. Res. 161, 341345 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1667/RR3121
16.
16.J. A. Siegel and M. G. Stabin, “Radar commentary: Use of linear no-threshold hypothesis in radiation protection regulation in the United States,” Health Phys. 102, 9099 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HP.0b013e318228e5b4
17.
17.Academie Nationale de Medecine, “Medical irradiation, radioactivity releases, and disinformation: An opinion by the Academy of Medicine; Press release; 4 December 2001” available URL: (http://www.radscihealth.org/rsh/Docs/academy_of_medicine_of_france.htm).
18.
18.Health Physics Society, “Radiation risk in perspective.” Position Statement of the HPS (2010) (available URL: http://www.hps.org/documents/radiationrisk.pdf).
19.
19.American Association of Physicists in Medicine, “Radiation risks from medical imaging procedures.” Position Statement of the AAPM (2011) (available URL: http://www.aapm.org/org/policies/details.asp?id=318&type=PP&current=true).
20.
20.M. Grabell and C. Salewski, “Sweating Bullets: Body Scanners Can See Perspiration as a Potential Weapon” (available URL: http://www.propublica.org/article/sweating-bullets-body-scanners-can-see-perspiration-as-a-potential-weapon).
21.
21.M. Barcellos-Hoff, “It takes a tissue to make a tumor: Epigenetics, cancer and the microenvironment,” J. Mammary Gland Biol. Neoplasia 6, 213221 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1011317009329
22.
22.H. Zhou, M. Suzuki, G. Randers-Pehrson, D. Vannais, G. Chen, J. E. Trosko, C. A. Waldren, and T. K. Hei, “Radiation risk to low fluences of alpha particles may be greater than we thought,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98, 1441014415 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.251524798
23.
23.E. Bonmassar, E. Menconi, A. Goldin, and G. Cudkowicz, “Escape of small numbers of allogeneic lymphoma cells from immune surveillance,” J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 53, 475479 (1974).
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116
Loading
/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116
2012-07-16
2014-07-13

Abstract

There is no abstract available for this article.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/1.3694116.html;jsessionid=27nbab0kbkjxj.x-aip-live-02?itemId=/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aapm/journal/medphys
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Backscatter x-ray machines at airports are safe
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aapm/journal/medphys/39/8/10.1118/1.3694116
10.1118/1.3694116
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM