Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. L. E. Feinendegen, M. Pollycove, and R. D. Neumann, “Hormesis by low dose radiation effects: Low-dose cancer risk modeling must recognize up-regulation of protection,” in Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine, edited by R. P. Baum (Springer, Berlin, 2013).
2. M. Doss, “Shifting the paradigm in radiation safety,” Dose-Response 10, 562583 (2012).
3. B. Cohen, “The cancer risk from low-level radiation,” in Radiation Dose from Adult and Pediatric Multidetector Computed Tomography, edited by D. Tack and P. Gevenois (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2007), pp. 3349.
4. M. Doss, “Linear no-threshold model vs. radiation hormesis,” Dose Response 11, 480497 (2013).
5. M. S. Sasaki, A. Tachibana, and S. Takeda, “Cancer risk at low doses of ionizing radiation: artificial neural networks inference from atomic bomb survivors,” J. Radiat. Res. 55(3), 391406 (2014).
6. E. J. Calabrese and L. A. Baldwin, “Radiation hormesis: its historical foundations as a biological hypothesis,” Hum. Exp. Toxicol. 19, 4175 (2000).
7. E. J. Hall and A. J. Giaccia, Radiobiology for the Radiologist, 6th ed. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2006).
8. C. M. Vajdic and M. T. van Leeuwen, “Cancer incidence and risk factors after solid organ transplantation,” Int. J. Cancer 125, 17471754 (2009).
9. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), “UNSCEAR 2006 Report, Annex A: Epidemiological studies of radiation and cancer,” (United Nations, New York, 2008), pp. 13322.
10. R. Wakeford and M. P. Little, “Risk coefficients for childhood cancer after intrauterine irradiation: a review,” Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 79(5), 293309 (2003).
11. G. M. Kendall et al., “A record-based case-control study of natural background radiation and the incidence of childhood leukaemia and other cancers in Great Britain during 1980–2006,” Leukemia 27(1), 39 (2013).
12. M. S. Pearce et al., “Radiation exposure from CT scans in childhood and subsequent risk of leukaemia and brain tumours: a retrospective cohort study,” Lancet 380, 499505 (2012).
13. M. P. Little et al., “Systematic review and meta-analysis of circulatory disease from exposure to low-level ionizing radiation and estimates of potential population mortality risks,” Environ. Health Perspect. 120, 15031511 (2012).
14. M. P. Little, “A review of non-cancer effects, especially circulatory and ocular diseases,” Radiat. Environ. Biophys. 52, 435449 (2013).
15. M. P. Little et al., “Risks associated with low doses and low dose rates of ionizing radiation: why linearity may be (almost) the best we can do,” Radiology 251, 612 (2009).
16. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). “Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. UNSCEAR 1993 Report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes” (United Nations, New York, 1993), pp. 1922.
17. R. L. Brent, “Carcinogenic risks of prenatal ionizing radiation,” Semin. Fetal Neonatal Med. 19(3), 203213 (2014).
18. M. Cohen, “Cancer risks from CT radiation: Is there a dose threshold?,” J. Am. Coll. Radiol. 10, 817819 (2013).
19. S. Akiba, “Circulatory disease risk after low-level ionizing radiation exposure,” Radiat. Emerg. Med. 2, 1322 (2013) (available URL:
20. F. Zakeri, T. Hirobe, and K. Akbari Noghabi, “Biological effects of low-dose ionizing radiation exposure on interventional cardiologists,” Occup. Med. (London) 60, 464469 (2010).
21. M. Doss, “Low dose radiation adaptive protection to control neurodegenerative diseases,” Dose-Response 12(2), 277287 (2014).
22. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR), “Sources and effects of ionizing radiation. UNSCEAR 1994 Report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes” (United Nations, New York, 1994), pp. 1272.
23. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), “Low-dose extrapolation of radiation-related cancer risk,” Ann. ICRP 35(4), 1142 (2005).
24. M. P. Little and C. R. Muirhead, “Curvature in the cancer mortality dose response in Japanese atomic bomb survivors: absence of evidence of threshold,” Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 74(4), 471480 (1998).
25. D. A. Pierce and D. L. Preston, “Radiation-related cancer risks at low doses among atomic bomb survivors,” Radiat. Res. 154(2), 178186 (2000).[0178:RRCRAL]2.0.CO;2
26. M. P. Little, “Threshold and other departures from linear-quadratic curvature in the non-cancer mortality dose-response curve in the Japanese atomic bomb survivors,” Radiat. Environ. Biophys. 43(2), 6775 (2004).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



There is no abstract available for this article.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd