Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. J. Heikkinen, J. T. Kuikka, A. Ahonen, and P. Rautio, “Quality of brain perfusion single-photon emission tomography images: Multicentre evaluation using an anatomically accurate three-dimensional phantom,” Eur. J. Nucl. Med. 25, 14151422 (1998).
2. Y. Ohyama, T. Kira, S. Tomiguchi, A. Kojima, M. Nishi, N. Katsuda, M. Takahashi, and N. Motomura, “Phantom evaluation of scatter and attenuation correction in thallium-201/technetium-99m acquisition in myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography,” Radiat. Med. 19(2), 8187 (2001).
3. J. I. Gear, M. Partridge, and G. Flux, “Patient specific dosimetry analysis and optimisation using polymer gel dosimetry,” Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging 38, S435S435 (2011).
4. J. I. Gear, C. Cummings, M. Partridge, and G. Flux, “Design and manufacture of a patient-specific phantom for Dosimetry analysis,” Eur. J. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging 34, S178S178 (2007).
5. G. Flux, M. Bardies, M. Monsieurs, S. Savolainen, S. E. Strand, and M. Lassmann, “The impact of PET and SPECT on dosimetry for targeted radionuclide therapy,” Z. Med. Phys. 16, 4759 (2006).
6. C. W. Hull, “Apparatus for production of three dimensional objects by stereolithography,” U.S. patent 4,575,330 (11th March 1986)
7. C. P. Botha and F. H. Post, “Hybrid scheduling in the DeVIDE dataflow visualisation environment,” in Proceedings of Simulation and Visualization, edited by H. Hauser, S. Strassburger, and H. Theisel (SCS Publishing House, Erlangen, 2008), pp. 309322.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



The aim of the study was to investigate rapid prototyping technology for the production of patient-specific, cost-effective liquid fillable phantoms directly from patient CT data.

Liver, spleen, and kidney volumes were segmented from patient CT data. Each organ was converted to a shell and filling holes and leg supports were added using computer aided design software and prepared for printing. Additional fixtures were added to the liver to allow lesion inserts to be fixed within the structure. Phantoms were printed from an ultraviolet curable photopolymer using polyjet technology on an Objet EDEN 500V 3D printer.

The final print material is a clear solid acrylic plastic which is watertight, rigid, and sufficiently durable to withstand multiple assembly and scanning protocols. Initial scans of the phantoms have been performed with Tc-99m SPECT and F-18 PET/CT.

The organ geometry showed good correspondence with anatomical references. The methodology developed can be generally applied to other anatomical or geometrical phantoms for molecular imaging.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd