No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Ultraviolet radiation therapy and UVR dose models
2.J. Frercksa, H. Weberb, and G. Wiesenfeldt, “Reception and discovery: The nature of Johann Wilhelm Ritter invisible rays,” Stud. Hist. Philos. Sci. Part A 40, 143–156 (2009).
3.C. W. Saleeby, Sunlight and Health (Nisbet and Company Limited, London, 1923).
6.Commission Internationale de l’Eclairage, International Lighting Vocabulary, 1970.
7.B. Diffey and G. Hart, Ultraviolet and Blue-light Phototherapy: Principles, Sources, Dosimetry and Safety (Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine, York, 1997).
8.H. Moseley et al., Non-ionising Radiation: Microwaves, Ultraviolet and Laser Radiation (Adam Hilger Bristol, Philadelphia, 1988).
10.J. B. Murdoch, Illumination Engineering: From Edison’s Lamp to the Laser (Macmillan, New York, NY, 1985).
12.D. T. Ribeiro, C. Madzak, A. Sarasin, P. Di Mascio, H. Sies, and C. F. M. Menck, “Singlet oxygen induced dna damage and mutagenicity in a single-stranded sv40-based shuttle vector,” Photochem. Photobiol. 55, 39–45 (1992).
15.G. J. Fisher, Z. Q. Wang, S. C. Datta, J. Varani, S. Kang, and J. J. Voorhees, “Pathophysiology of premature skin aging induced by ultraviolet light,” N. Engl. J. Med. 337, 1419–1429 (1997).
17.M. Meinhardt, R. Krebs, A. Anders, U. Heinrich, and H. Tronnier, “Wavelength-dependent penetration depths of ultraviolet radiation in human skin,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 044030 (2008).
18.D. R. Grimes, “Development of a computational dose model for use in ultraviolet phototherapy,” Ph.D. thesis, Dublin City University, 2010.
23.S. E. Whitmore, C. S. Potten, C. A. Chadwick, P. T. Strickland, and W. L. Morison, “Effect of photoreactivating light on uv radiation-induced alterations in human skin,” Photodermatol., Photoimmunol. Photomed. 17, 213–217 (2001).
27.C. N. Mosley, L. Wang, S. Gilley, S. Wang, and H. Yu, “Light-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of a sunscreen agent, 2-phenylbenzimidazole in salmonella typhimurium ta 102 and hacat keratinocytes,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 4, 126–131 (2007).
29.T. Armeni, E. Damiani, M. Battino, L. Greci, and G. Principato, “Lack of in vitro protection by a common sunscreen ingredient on uva-induced cytotoxicity in keratinocytes,” Toxicology 203, 165–178 (2004).
32.K. H. Kaidbey and A. M. Kligman, “The acute effects of long-wave ultraviolet radiation on human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 72 (1979).
33.J. S. Adams, T. L. Clemens, J. A. Parrish, and M. F. Holick, “Vitamin-d synthesis and metabolism after ultraviolet irradiation of normal and vitamin-d-deficient subjects,” N. Engl. J. Med. 306, 722–725 (1982).
35.CIE, Reference Action Spectrum and Standard Eerythema Dose (Commission Internationale de Iéclairage, Vienna, 1998), pp. 19–20.
36.T. B. Fitzpatrick, “Soleil et peau,” J. Med. Esthet. 2, 33–4 (1975).
37.S. Ohe, K. Danno, H. Sasaki, T. Isei, H. Okamoto, and T. Horio, “Treatment of acquired perforating dermatosis with narrowband ultraviolet b,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 50, 892–894 (2004).
39.R. A. Palmer, S. Aquilina, P. J. Milligan, S. L. Walker, J. L. M. Hawk, and A. R. Young, “Photoadaptation during narrowband ultraviolet-b therapy is independent of skin type: A study of 352 patients,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 126, 1256–1263 (2006).
41.M. Weischer, A. Blum, F. Eberhard, M. Röcken, and M. Berneburg, “No evidence for increased skin cancer risk in psoriasis patients treated with broadband or narrowband uvb phototherapy: A first retrospective study,” Acta Derm.-Venereol. 84 , 370–374 (2004).
43.P. C. Dedon, J. P. Plastaras, C. A. Rouzer, and L. J. Marnett, “Indirect mutagenesis by oxidative dna damage: Formation of the pyrimidopurinone adduct of deoxyguanosine by base propenal,” Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 95, 11113–11116 (1998).
45.C. A. Jones, E. Huberman, M. L. Cunningham, and M. J. Peak, “Mutagenesis and cytotoxicity in human epithelial cells by far-and near-ultraviolet radiations: Action spectra,” Radiat. Res. 110, 244–254 (1987).
46.H. Valdimarsson, B. S. Baker, I. Jónsdóttir, A. Powles, and L. Fry, “Psoriasis: A t-cell-mediated autoimmune disease induced by streptococcal superantigens?,” Immunol. Today 16, 145–149 (1995).
49.R. M. Grossman, J. Krueger, D. Yourish, A. Granelli-Piperno, D. P. Murphy, L. T. May, T. S. Kupper, P. B. Sehgal, and A. B. Gottlieb, “Interleukin 6 is expressed in high levels in psoriatic skin and stimulates proliferation of cultured human keratinocytes,” Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 86, 6367–6371 (1989).
50.Y. Zheng, D. M. Danilenko, P. Valdez, I. Kasman, J. Eastham-Anderson, J. Wu, and W. Ouyang, “Interleukin-22, a th17 cytokine, mediates il-23-induced dermal inflammation and acanthosis,” Nature 445, 648–651 (2007).
52.M. Ozawa, K. Ferenczi, T. Kikuchi, I. Cardinale, L. M. Austin, T. R. Coven, L. H. Burack, and J. G. Krueger, “312-nanometer ultraviolet b light (narrow-band uvb) induces apoptosis of t cells within psoriatic lesions,” J. Exp. Med. 189, 711–718 (1999).
53.D. A. Schmitt and S. E. Ullrich, “Exposure to ultraviolet radiation causes dendritic cells/macrophages to secrete immune-suppressive il-12p40 homodimers,” J. Immunol. 165, 3162–3167 (2000).
54.P. M. Gordon, B. L. Diffey, J. N. S. Matthews, and P. M. Farr, “A randomized comparison of narrow-band tl-01 phototherapy and puva photochemotherapy for psoriasis,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 41, 728–732 (1999).
55.S. S. Yones, R. A. Palmer, T. T. Garibaldinos, and J. L. M. Hawk, “Randomized double-blind trial of the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis: Efficacy of psoralen–uv-a therapy vs narrowband uv-b therapy,” Arch. Dermatol. 142, 836–842 (2006).
56.E. Sezer, A. H. Erbil, Z. Kurumlu, H. B. Taştan, and I. Etikan, “Comparison of the efficacy of local narrowband ultraviolet b (nb-uvb) phototherapy versus psoralen plus ultraviolet a (puva) paint for palmoplantar psoriasis,” J. Dermatol. 34, 435–440 (2007).
57.T. Markham, S. Rogers, and P. Collins, “Narrowband uv-b (tl-01) phototherapy vs oral 8-methoxypsoralen psoralen–uv-a for the treatment of chronic plaque psoriasis,” Arch. Dermatol. 139, 325–328 (2003).
58.M. Grundmann-Kollmann, S. Behrens, M. Podda, R. U. Peter, R. Kaufmann, and M. Kerscher, “Phototherapy for atopic eczema with narrow-band uvb,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 40, 995–997 (1999).
59.N. J. Reynolds, V. Franklin, J. C. Gray, B. L. Diffey, and P. M. Farr, “Narrow-band ultraviolet b and broad-band ultraviolet a phototherapy in adult atopic eczema: A randomised controlled trial,” Lancet 357, 2012–2016 (2001).
61.A. Bhatnagar, A. J. Kanwar, D. Parsad, and D. De, “Comparison of systemic puva and nb-uvb in the treatment of vitiligo: An open prospective study,” J. Eur. Acad. Dermatol. Venereol. 21, 638–642 (2007).
63.F. Pavlotsky, N. Nathansohn, G. Kriger, D. Shpiro, and H. Trau, “Ultraviolet-b treatment for cutaneous lichen planus: Our experience with 50 patients,” Photodermatol., Photoimmunol. Photomed. 24, 83–86 (2008).
64.A. Wackernagel, F. J. Legat, A. Hofer, F. Quehenberger, H. Kerl, and P. Wolf, “Psoralen plus uva vs. uvb-311 nm for the treatment of lichen planus,” Photodermatol., Photoimmunol. Photomed. 23, 15–19 (2007).
65.P. V. M. M. Diederen, H. van Weelden, C. J. G. Sanders, J. Toonstra, and W. A. van Vloten, “Narrowband uvb and psoralen-uva in the treatment of early-stage mycosis fungoides: A retrospective study,” J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 48, 215–219 (2003).
66.J. Bartl and M. Baranek, “Emissivity of aluminium and its importance for radiometric measurement,” Meas. Phys. Quantities 43, 31–36 (2004).
67.R. Phillips, Sources and Applications of Ultraviolet Radiation (Academic, London, UK, 1983), Vol. 1, p. 434 (16pp.).
68.D. R. Grimes, C. Robbins, C. J. Martin, G. Phanco, and N. J. OHare, “Reflection modeling in ultraviolet phototherapy,” Med. Phys. 38, 4312–4320 (2011).
69.S. Wernick, R. Pinner, and P. G. Sheasby, Surface Treatment and Finishing of Aluminium and its Alloys (Draper, Teddington, 1956).
70.B. Chalkley, “The chemical and electrochemical polishing of aluminum,” in Paper from “4th Symposium on Electroplating,” Kiadja, Budapest, Hungary, 1973, pp. 193–205(+ 6 plates).
71.C. M. Jackson and R. W. Thomas, “The specular reflectivity of bright anodized aluminium,” Trans. Inst. Met. Finish. 57, 105–109 (1979).
74.G. D. Currie, A. L. Evans, D. Smith, C. J. Martin, S. McCalman, and D. Bilsland, “An automated dosimetry system for testing whole-body ultraviolet phototherapy cabinets,” Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 333–346 (2001).
75.T. Akehata and T. Shirai, “Effect of light-source characteristics on the performance of circular annular photochemical reactor,” J. Chem. Eng. Jpn. 5, 385–391 (1972).
76.H. Funayama, K. Ogiwara, T. Sugawara, and H. Ohashi, “Light intensity profiles in photoreactors applied by a low-pressure mercury lamp,” Kagaku Kogaku Ronbunshu 3, 354–358 (1977).
77.K. A. Langmack, “An insight into the contributions of self-shielding and lamp reflectors to patient exposure in phototherapy units,” Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 207–214 (1998).
78.C. J. Martin and S. D. Pye, “A study of the directional response of ultraviolet radiometers: Ii. Implications for ultraviolet phototherapy derived from computer simulations,” Phys. Med. Biol. 45, 2713–2729 (2000).
Article metrics loading...
Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has been an effective treatment for a number of chronic skin disorders, and its ability to alleviate these conditions has been well documented. Although nonionizing, exposure to ultraviolet (UV)
radiation is still damaging to deoxyribonucleic acid integrity, and has a number of unpleasant side effects ranging from erythema (sunburn) to carcinogenesis. As the conditions treated with this therapy tend to be chronic, exposures are repeated and can be high, increasing the lifetime probability of an adverse event or mutagenic effect. Despite the potential detrimental effects, quantitative ultraviolet dosimetry for phototherapy is an underdeveloped area and better dosimetry would allow clinicians to maximize biological effect whilst minimizing the repercussions of overexposure. This review gives a history and insight into the current state of UVR phototherapy, including an overview of biological effects of UVR, a discussion of UVR production, illness treated by this modality, cabin design and the clinical implementation of phototherapy, as well as clinical dose estimation techniques. Several dose models for ultraviolet phototherapy are also examined, and the need for an accurate computational dose estimation method in ultraviolet phototherapy is discussed.
Full text loading...
Most read this month