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Geometric explanation of conic-section interference fringes in a Michelson interferometer
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10.1119/1.4811780
/content/aapt/journal/ajp/81/9/10.1119/1.4811780
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aapt/journal/ajp/81/9/10.1119/1.4811780
View: Figures

Figures

Image of Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic setup of the Michelson interferometer consisting of a (point) light source , mirrors and , a beamsplitter (BS), and a compensator plate (CP).

Image of Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Different optical paths of the waves reflected (left) and transmitted (right) by the beamsplitter in the Michelson interferometer without the compensator plate.

Image of Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A homocentric pencil of rays from light source becomes astigmatic as it passes through a glass plate of thickness . There are two different focal points for rays in the plane of incidence ( ) and rays normal to the plane of incidence ( ).

Image of Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Displacements of the foci of the refracted ray by the air-glass interface and the corresponding principal centers of curvature ( and ) of the waves.

Image of Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of the displacements of the centers of curvature of the wave-fronts reflected (left) and transmitted (right) by the beamsplitter in a Michelson interferometer without the compensator plate.

Image of Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Optical path length differences (OPD) on the screen with mirror at different locations, and the corresponding interference fringes.

Image of Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Illustration of the derivation of the position of the primary focus .

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/content/aapt/journal/ajp/81/9/10.1119/1.4811780
2013-09-01
2014-04-19
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Geometric explanation of conic-section interference fringes in a Michelson interferometer
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aapt/journal/ajp/81/9/10.1119/1.4811780
10.1119/1.4811780
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