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Average Annual Rainfall Over the Globe
1.M. King Hubbert, “Outlook For Fuel Reserves,” Encyclopedia Of Energy, Edited By Daniel N. Lapedes (Mcgraw-hill, New York, 1976), Pp. 11–23.
2.Alexis De Vos, Endoreversible Thermodynamics of Solar Energy Conversion (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992), p. 22.
3.Raznjevic Kuzman, Handbook Of Thermodynamic Tables And Charts (Hemisphere, Washington, D.C., 1976), P. 105.
4.David Halliday and Robert Resnick, Fundamentals of Physics (Wiley, New York, 1988), Appendix C.
5.Ven Te Chow, David R. Maidment, and Larry W. Mays, Applied Hydrology (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988), pp. 5, 19.
6.“Most Annual Rainfall,” Guinness World Records.
7.Priit J. Vesilind, “Parts of Chile's Atacama Desert haven't seen a drop of rain water since recordkeeping began. Somehow more than a million people squeeze life from this parched land,” National Geo. Mag. (August 2003).
and Climate Extremes
, World Meteorological Organization
(Retrieved on Sept. 30, 2013
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The atmospheric recycling of water is a very important phenomenon on the globe because it not only refreshes the water but it also redistributes it over land and oceans/rivers/lakes throughout the globe. This is made possible by the solar energy intercepted by the Earth. The half of the globe facing the Sun, on the average, intercepts 1 J of solar radiation per second and it is divided over various channels as given in Table 1. It keeps our planet warm and maintains its average temperature 2 of 288 K with the help of the atmosphere in such a way that life can survive. It also recycles the water in the oceans/rivers/ lakes by initial evaporation and subsequent precipitation; the average annual rainfall over the globe is around one meter. According to M. King Hubbert 1 the amount of solar power going into the evaporation and precipitation channel is W. Students can verify the value of average annual rainfall over the globe by utilizing this part of solar energy. This activity is described in the next section.
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