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All fiber-coupled, long-term stable timing distribution for free-electron lasers with few-femtosecond jitter
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We report recent progress made in a complete fiber-optic, high-precision, long-term stable timing distribution system for synchronization of next generation
free-electron lasers. Timing jitter characterization of the master laser shows less than 170-as RMS integrated jitter for frequencies above 10 kHz, limited by the detection noise floor. Timing stabilization of a 3.5-km polarization-maintaining fiber link is successfully achieved with an RMS drift of 3.3 fs over 200 h of operation using all fiber-coupled elements. This all fiber-optic implementation will greatly reduce the complexity of optical alignment in timing distribution systems and improve the overall mechanical and timing stability of the system.
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