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We demonstrated graded-host phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes with high efficiency and reduced efficiency roll-off. The emissive layer of the graded host device consists of both electron and hole transport type hosts, 1,3,5-tris(N-phenylbenzimidazole-2-yl)benzene (TPBI) and 4,4,4′′-tris(N-carbazolyl)triphenylamine, respectively, with graded composition, and the phosphorescent red emitter bis(2-phenylquinoline) (acetylacetonate) iridium(III), which was uniformly doped into the graded host matrix. The graded host device shows improved quantum efficiency and power efficiency with significantly reduced efficiency roll-off as compared to the unipolar-host and double layer heterojunction host devices.


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