1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
oa
Numerical study of the impact response of woodpecker's head
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305
1.
1. R. D. Stark, Condor, 100, 350 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1370276
2.
2. I. F. V. Vincent, M. N. Sahinkaya, and W. O’Shea, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C-Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 221, 1141 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/09544062JMES574
3.
3. P. R. May, J. M. Fuster, J. Haber, and A. Hirschman, Arch Neurol, 36, 370 (1979).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archneur.1979.00500420080011
4.
4. K. Ono, A. Kikuchi, M. Nakamura, H. Kobayashi, and N. Nakamura, Stapp Car Crash Conference (24th) Proceedings, 101, 60 (1980).
5.
5. L. J. Gibson, Journal of Zoology, 270, 462 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.2006.00166.x
6.
6. J. Oda, J. Sakamoto, and K. Sakano, Jsme International Journal Series a-Solid Mechanics and Material Engineering, 49, 390 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1299/jsmea.49.390
7.
7. S. H. Yoon and S. Park, Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 6, 016003 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-3182/6/1/016003
8.
8. L. Z. Wang, J. T-M. Cheung, F. Pu, D. Y. Li, M. Zhang, and Y. B. Fan, Plos One, 6, 26490 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026490
9.
9. P. Zhou, X. Q. Kong, C. W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Journal of Bionic Engineering, 6, 214 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1672-6529(08)60126-2
10.
10. L. Z. Wang, H. Q. Zhang, and Y. B. Fan, Science China-Life Sciences, 54, 1036 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11427-011-4242-2
11.
11. Z. Taylor and K. Miller, Journal of Biomechanics, 37, 1263 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2003.11.027
12.
12. I. Sack, B. Beierbach, J. Wuerfel, D. Klatt, U. Hamhaber, S. Papazoglou, P. Martus, and J. Braun, Neuroimage 46, 652 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.02.040
13.
13. J. E. Galford and J. h. McElhane, Journal of Biomechanics, 3, 211 (1970).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(70)90007-2
14.
14. S. Neubauer, P. Gunz, P. Mitteroecker, and G. W. Weber, Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal-Journal De L Association Canadienne Des Radiologistes, 55, 271 (2004).
15.
15. A. N. Iwaniuk and J. E. Nelson, Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 80, 16 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/z01-204
16.
16. K. B. Lunde, M. Sletmoen, B. T. Stokke, and B. Skallerud, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 1, 199 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2007.10.001
17.
17. M. O’Toole, P. Lamoureux, and K. E. Miller, Biophysical Journal, 94, 2610 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1529/biophysj.107.117424
18.
18. W. Gindl and H. S. Gupta, Composites Part a-Applied Science and Manufacturing, 33, 1141 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1359-835X(02)00080-5
19.
19. I. R. Schwab, British Journal of Ophthalmology, 86, 843 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjo.86.8.843
20.
20. M. Pithioux, D. Subit, and P. Chabrand, Medical Engineering & Physics, 26, 647 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2004.05.002
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305
Loading
/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305
2012-12-03
2014-09-21

Abstract

Woodpecker can beat trees 20-25 times per second and lasts for several seconds, with a 1200 g deceleration, but it appears that they never get brain concussion. How does the stress wave propagate from the beak tip to brain and how does a woodpecker protect itself from brain damage? In this paper, we establish a finite element model of typical woodpecker head based on its X-ray tomography images and conduct the numerical analysis of the impact response of the woodpecker's head by using a viscoelasticity material model. Especially, the woodpecker head response to an impact speed of 7 m/s is investigated to explore the stress concentration zone and how the stress wave propagates in its head. The numerical results show that the stress wave in the head propagates from the upper beak to back skull and is reduced by the specific structure of hyoid and viscoelasticity of biomaterials. The maximum stresses in skull and brain are both below the safe level. The stress in skull almost disappears before the next impact. The stress in brain lasts for a little longer but shows smaller value with little variation. The stress is impossible to accumulate in the limited pecking time, so the brain damage can be avoided.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/adva/2/4/1.4770305.html;jsessionid=5blif27tmjole.x-aip-live-03?itemId=/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/adva
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Numerical study of the impact response of woodpecker's head
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/adva/2/4/10.1063/1.4770305
10.1063/1.4770305
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM