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The fluorescent and phosphorescent p-i-n organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with well controllable compound doping have been systematically investigated, where MoO and LiF are the effective p-type and n-type dopants, respectively. For both the bulk and interfacial doping, the hole and electron balance in the devices is found to be strongly dependent on the doping configuration, which could either facilitate or compromise the device power efficiency. The impact of the compound doping on the charge balance is further confirmed by the change of the emission region with different doping configuration. The modulation of p-type and n-type doping densities and position is thus essential for optimizing hole and electron balance in p-i-n OLEDs.


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Impact of compound doping on hole and electron balance in p-i-n organic light-emitting diodes