Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. M. Bao and W. Wang, “Future of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS),” Sens. Actuators. A 56, 135 (1996).
2. C. Liu and Y. W. Yi, “Micromachined magnetic actuators using electroplated permalloy,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 35(3), 1976 (1999).
3. L. P. B. Katehi, J. F. Harvey, and E. Brown, “MEMS and Si micromachined circuits for high-frequency applications,” IEEE Trans. Theor. Tech. 50(3), 858 (2002).
4. S. Sugiyama, “Synchrotron radiation micro lithography and etching (SMILE) for MEMS fabrication,” Proc. IEEE international Conference on microprocesses and nanotechnology, Shimane, Japan, 31 October – 2 November 2001, edited by Business Center for Academic Societies Japan, pp. 264.
5. C. Liu, “Development of surface micromachined magnetic actuators using electroplated permalloy,” Mechatromics 8, 613 (1998).
6. N. V. Myung , D. Y. Park, B. Y. Yoo, et al., “Development of electroplated magnetic materials for MEMS,” J. Magn. Mater. 265, 189 (2003).
7. V. C. Kieling, “Parameters influencing the electrodeposition of Ni-Fe alloys,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 96, 135 (1997).
8. S. J. Geng , Y. D. Li, D. Xiang, et al., “Electrodeposition of Fe-Ni alloy coating on ferritic stainless steel,” Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China 20, s226 (2010).
9. J. Horkans, “Effect of Plating Parameters on Electrodeposited NiFe,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 128, 45 (1981).
10. D. L. Grimmett, M. Schwartz, and K. Nobe, “Pulsed Electrodeposition of Iron-Nickel Alloys,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 137, 3414 (1990).
11. K. M. Yin, S. L. Jan, and C. C. Lee, “Current pulse with reverse plating of nickel-iron alloys in a sulphate bath,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 88, 219 (1996)
12. K. M. Yin and S. L. Jan, “Current pulse plating of nickel-iron alloys on rotating disk electrodes,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 79, 252 (1996).
13. P. Tsay , C. C. Hu, and C. K. Wang, “Compositional effects on the physical properties of iron-nickel deposits prepared by means of pulse-reverse electroplating,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 89, 275 (2005).
14. D. L. Grimmett, M. Schwartz, and K. Nobe, “A comparison of DC and Pulsed Fe-Ni Alloy deposits,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 140, 973 (1993).
15. J. L. McCrea, G. Palumbo, G. D. Hibbard, et al., “Properties and applications for electrodeposited nanocrystalline Fe-Ni alloys,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 5, 252 (2003).
16. S. H. Kim, H. J. Sohn, Y. C. Joo, et al., “Effect of saccharin addition on the microstructure of electrodeposited Fe-36 wt.% Ni alloy,” Surf. Coat. Technol. 199, 43 (2005).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Fe-Ni alloys were fabricated on steel substrates by means of pulse electrodeposition in sulfate solutions. The layers were electrodeposited using different peak current densities, duty cycles and frequencies. Fe contents, microhardnesses and crystalline phases were examined systematically. The Fe content in the deposit decreased and the microhardness increased with increasing duty cycle and peak current density. The pulse frequency had little effect on Fe content but led to a slight decrease in microhardness. X-ray diffraction patterns show that the crystalline phases vary with changes in peak current density and duty cycle but are barely influenced by frequency. When the peak current density or duty cycle is relatively low, crystalline Fe-Ni alloy and pure Fe phases coexist; the pure Fe phases disappear as the peak current density or duty cycle increases. At still larger peak current densities or duty cycles, crystalline Fe-Ni alloy and pure Ni phases coexist.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd