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Individual vortex nucleation/annihilation in ferromagnetic nanodots with broken symmetry observed by micro-Hall magnetometry
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We studied vortex nucleation/annihilation process and its temperature dependence in micromagnetic objects with lowered symmetry using micro-Hall magnetometry.
Magnetization reversal curves were obtained for the Pacman-like nanodots placed directly on Hall probes. Lowered symmetry of the object leads to good control of its chirality.
nucleation and annihilation fields strongly depend on the angle of the external in-plane magnetic field with respect on the nanodot symmetry. The micromagnetic simulations support the experimental results - the vortex
nucleation fields are controlled by local magnetization configurations present in the object (C-, S-, and double S-states) for field just above vortex
nucleation field. The experiments also confirm that the vortex
nucleation proceeds via thermal activation over an energy barrier.
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