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Transition from diamagnetic to ferromagnetic state in laser ablated nitrogen doped ZnO thin films
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Transition from room temperature diamagnetic to ferromagnetic state in N doped
ZnO (ZnO:N) films
grown by pulsed laser deposition with tunable energy density has been identified. ZnO:N films
deposited with moderate laser energy density of 2.5 J/cm2 are single phase and nearly defect free having N dopant substitution at O sites in ZnO lattice, exhibiting intrinsic ferromagnetism. When energy density reduces (<2.5 J/cm2), defects in ZnO:N film degrades ferromagnetism and exhibit diamagnetic phase when grown at energy density of 1.0 J/cm2. Growth kinetics, which in turn depends on laser energy density is playing important role in making transition from ferromagnetic to diamagnetic in ZnO:N films.
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