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/content/aip/journal/adva/5/2/10.1063/1.4913997
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/content/aip/journal/adva/5/2/10.1063/1.4913997
2015-02-27
2016-12-10

Abstract

We examine highly stable perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) features of [Co/Pd] multilayers (MLs) versus Pd thickness at various ex-situ annealing temperatures. Thermally stable PMA characteristics were observed up to 500 °C, confirming the suitability of these systems for industrial applications at this temperature. Experimental observations suggest that the choice of equivalent Co and Pd layer thicknesses in a ML configuration ensures thermally stable PMA features, even at higher annealing temperatures. X-ray diffraction patterns and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy images were obtained to determine thickness, post-annealing PMA behavior, and to explore the structural features that govern these findings.

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