Skip to main content

News about Scitation

In December 2016 Scitation will launch with a new design, enhanced navigation and a much improved user experience.

To ensure a smooth transition, from today, we are temporarily stopping new account registration and single article purchases. If you already have an account you can continue to use the site as normal.

For help or more information please visit our FAQs.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1.M Frank, “Specific issues associated with high power levels in space,” Energy Conversion Engineering Intersociety Conference - IECEC(1989). DOI: 10.1109/IECEC.1989.74486.
2.E E Kunhardt, S Popovic, and J Bentson, “Electrical Breakdown of the space vacuum,” Transactions on Plasma Science 23, 970-979 (1995).
3.D B Allred, J D Benson, H A Cohen, W J Raitt, D A Burt, I Katz, and G Jongeward, “Spear-1 Experiment: High Voltage Effects on Space Charging in the Ionosphere,” IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 35, 13861393 (1988).
4.L Ledernez, F Olczytug, and G Urban, “Inter-Electrode Distance and Breakdown Voltage in Low Pressure Argon Discharges,” Contributions to Plasma Physics 52(4), 276-282 (2012).
5.V Lisovsky and S Yakovin, “Scaling law for a low-pressure gas breakdown in a homogeneous DC electric field,” JETP Letters 72, 34-37 (2000).
6.B Vayner, J Galofaro, D Ferguson, and W. Degroot, “Arcing Onset on a Metal-Dielectric Junction immersed in a Low Density Plasma,” Proc. XXVth International Conference on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, Nagoya, Japan, 2001, July 17-22{,} Vol. 3, pp. 293-295.
7.B Vayner, J Galofaro, D Ferguson, and W. Degroot, Electrostatic Discharge Inception on a High-Voltage Solar Array, 40th Aerospace Sciences Meeting & Exhibit, January 14-17, 2002/Reno NV (AIAA Paper 2002-0631).
8.B Vayner, J Galofaro, and D Ferguson, The Neutral Gas Desorption and Breakdown on a Metal-Dielectric Junction Immersed in a Plasma , AIAA Paper 2002-2244.
9.L B Gordon, in High Voltage Breakdown in the Space Environment, Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference(IECEC) Proceedings, Denver, Colorado, Aug. 1988.
10.M P Momčilo, S R Goran, and P K Jugosav, “Electrical Breakdown in Low Pressure Gases,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35, R91-R103 (2002).
11.M M Pejovič, PhD Thesis Faculty of Electronic Engineering,University of Niš, Yugoslavia, 1980.
12.B J Mijovič, PhD Thesis Faculty of Electronic Engineering,University of Niš, Yugoslavia, 1985.
13.Chr Edelmann and I Kunz, “Remarks Concerning the Interpretation of Long Term Outgassing-rate Measurements with the Help of the Rise of Pressure Method by the Theory of Malev,” Vacuum (1995).
14.E D Erikson, T G Beat, D D Berger, and B A Frazier, “Vacuum Outgassing of Various Materials,” Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films 2, 206 (1984).
15.J D Cobine, Gaseous Conductors: Theory and Engineering Applications (Dover, New York, 1958).
16.A Von Engel, Electrical Plasmas: Their Nature and Users (International Publications Service, Taylor and Frances, New York, 1983).
17.R.E. Davies and J.R. Dennison, “Evolution of secondary electron emission characteristics of spacecraft surfaces,” J. Spacecraft 34, 571574 (1997).
18.W Y Chang, J R Dennison, J Kite, and R E Davies, Effects of evolving surface contamination on spacecraft charging, AIAA-2000-0868, 2000.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Increasing demand for higher voltage and power levels aboard spacecrafts requires space vacuum as insulator. A concerned issue for this is whether the outgassing of dielectric materials profusely used in spacecrafts can induce breakdown, and what, if it occurs, the mechanism and characteristics are. In this paper, low pressure breakdown induced by outgassing was investigated experimentally. It’s found that vacuum breakdown is significantly facilitated by the outgassing of dielectric materials. Measurements of Paschen’s curves for typical outgassing samples show that significant decrease of breakdown voltage occurs in high vacuum region due to increase of local pressure from outgassed products. Another important mechanism that affects the breakdown voltage is the electrode surface contamination by the outgassed components. Primary models with these mechanisms taken into account are described and the model calculations agree well with the measurements. Both experimental findings and theoretical analysis indicate that outgassing of space materials is a potentially important threat to high voltage systems with vacuum as insulation.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd