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Control of optical bistability and third-order nonlinearity via tunneling induced quantum interference in triangular quantum dot molecules
24.K. Müller, A. Bechtold, C. Ruppert, M. Zecherle, G. Reithmaier, M. Bichler, H. J. Krenner, G. Abstreiter, A. W. Holleitner, J. M. Villas-Boas, M. Betz, and J. J. Finley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 197402 (2012).
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The optical bistability of a triangular quantum dot molecules embedded inside a unidirectional ring cavity is studied. The type, the threshold and the hysteresis loop of the optical bistability curves can be modified by the tunneling parameters, as well as the probe laser field. The linear and nonlinear susceptibilities of the medium are also studied to interpret the corresponding results. The physical interpretation is that the tunneling can induce the quantum interference, which modifies the linear and the nonlinear response of the medium. As a consequence, the characteristics of the optical bistability are changed. The scheme proposed here can be utilized for optimizing and controlling the optical switching process.
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