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We have studied the hydrogen bonds in PC BM solids. Inter-molecular interaction is analyzed theoretically for the well-defined monoclinic (P2/n) structure. The results indicate that PC BM combines into C–H⋯O bonded molecular chains, where O denotes the doubly-bonded O atom of PC BM. The molecular chains are linked together by C–H⋯O bonds, where O denotes the singly-bonded O atom of PC BM. To reveal the consequences of hydrogen bond formation on the structural properties of PC BM solids (not limited to the monoclinic structure), we design and perform some experiments for annealed samples with the monoclinic (P2/n) PC BM as starting material. The experiments include differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and infrared absorption measurements. Structural phase transitions are observed below the melting point. The C–H⋯O bonds seem persisting in the altered structures. The inter-molecular hydrogen bonds can help to understand the phase separation in polymer/PCBM blends and may be responsible for the existence of liquid PC BM.


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