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(94-)(NaBi)TiO-6BaTiO-(KNa)NbO (NBT-6BT-KNN) piezoelectricceramics have notable potential for replacing lead containing piezoelectricceramics in actuator applications due to their exceptionally large strain. However, a high electric field for producing a large strain and a large hysteresis are critical issues that should be resolved for practical actuator applications. In an attempt to address these issues and optimize the piezoelectric performance, we fabricated NBT-6BT-KNN ( = 0 - 5) piezoelectricsingle crystals with a size of 8 x 8x 10 mm by the solid-state single crystalgrowth method and systematically measured their electrical properties. With increased addition of KNN to replace NBT, the ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity of the fabricated [001] NBT-6BT-KNN single crystals decreased, but their unipolar strain and hysteresis were considerably improved. For NBT-6BT-5KNN single crystals, the largest maximum strain () was 0.57% at 6 kV/mm, showing a converse piezoelectric constant (/) of 950 pm/V, and their hysteresis in the unipolar - curve was 12% at 6kV/mm, which would be appropriate for some actuator applications. Our results demonstrate the applicability of the produced single crystals as lead-free piezoelectric actuator components.


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