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A vacuum sealed high emission current and transmission efficiency carbon nanotube triode
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A vacuum sealed carbon nanotubes(CNTs) triode with a concave and spoke-shaped Mo grid is presented. Due to the high aperture ratio of the grid, the emission current could be modulated at a relatively high electric field. Totally 75mA emission current has been obtained from the CNTscathode with the average applied field by the grid shifting from 8 to 13 V/μm. Whilst with the electron transmission efficiency of the grid over 56%, a remarkable high modulated currentelectron beam over 42mA has been collected by the anode. Also contributed by the high aperture ration of the grid, desorbed gas molecules could flow away from the emission area rapidly when the triode has been operated at a relative high emission current, and finally collected by a vacion pump. The working pressure has been maintained at ∼1 × 10−7 Torr, seldom spark phenomena occurred. Nearly perfect I-V curve and corresponding Fowler-Nordheim(FN) plot confirmed the accuracy of the measured data, and the emission current was long term stable and reproducible. Thusly, this kind of triode would be used as a high-power electron source.
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