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: Ferromagnetism induced by the weak superexchange of different eg
orbitals from the nearest neighbor Ag ions
3.Z. Mazej, E. Goreshnik, Z. Jagličić, B. Gaweł, W. Łasocha, D. Grzybowska, T. Jaroń, D. Kurzydłowski, P. Malinowski, W. Koźmiński, J. Szydłowska, P. Leszczyński, and W. Grochala, Cryst. Eng. Comm. 11, 1702 (2009).
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We study the abnormal ferromagnetism in α-K2AgF4, which is very similar to high-TC parent material La2CuO4 in structure. We find out that the electron correlation is very important in determining the insulating property of α-K2AgF4. The Ag(II) 4d9 in the octahedron crystal field has the electron occupation with eg x2-y2 orbital fully occupied and 3z2-r2 orbital partially occupied. The two eg orbitals are very extended indicating both of them are active in superexchange. Using the Hubbard model combined with Nth-order muffin-tin orbital (NMTO) downfolding technique, it is concluded that the exchange interaction between eg 3z2-r2 and x2-y2 from the first nearest neighbor Ag ions leads to the anomalous ferromagnetism in α-K2AgF4.
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