Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ε and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
J. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).
N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534 (2005).
J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780 (2006).
N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science 339, 1232009 (2013).
R. W. Ziolkowski, P. Jin, and C.-C. Lin, “Metamaterial-inspired engineering of antennas,” Proc. IEEE 99(10), 1720-1731 (2011).
Y. Dong and T. Itoh, “Metamaterial-based antennas,” Proc. IEEE 100(7), 2271-2285 (2012).
B.-I. Wu, W. Wang, J. Pacheco, X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, and J. A. Kong, “A study of using metamaterials as antenna substrate to enhance gain,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 51, 295-328 (2005).
C. L. Holloway, E. F. Kuester, J. A. Gordon, J. O’Hara, J. Booth, and D. R. Smith, “An overview of the theory and applications of metasurfaces: The two-dimensional equivalents of metamaterials,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 54(2), 10-35 (2012).
K. L. Chung and S. Chaimool, “Broadside gain and bandwidth enhancement of microstrip patch antenna using a MNZ-metasurface,” Microw. Opt. Techn. Lett. 54(2), 529-532 (2012).
S. Chaimool, C. Rakluea, and P. Akkaraekthalin, “Mu-near-zero metasurface for microstrip-fed slot antennas,” Appl. Phys. A 112, 669-675 (2013).
A. Mehdipour, J. W. Wong, and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Beam-squinting reduction of leaky-wave antennas using Huygens metasurfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. 63(3), 978-992 (2015).
D. Blanco, E. Rajo-Iglesias, S. Maci, and N. Llombart, “Directivity enhancement and spurious radiation suppression in leaky-wave antennas using inductive grid metasurfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. 63(3), 891-900 (2015).
S. Pandi, C. A. Balanis, and C. R. Birtcher, “Design of scalar impedance holographic metasurfaces for antenna beam formation with desired polarization,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. 63(7), 3016-3024 (2015).
C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Planar lens antennas of subwavelength thickness: Collimating leaky-waves with metasurfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas. Propag. 63(7), 3248-3253 (2015).
Y. Zhao, “Nondiffracting beam emission from hyperbolic metasurfaces,” J. Opt. 17, 045103 (2015).
D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B. 65, 195104 (2002).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



In this work, we apply hyperbolic metasurfaces (HMSs) to design high-gain and wideband antennas. It is shown that HMSs formed by a single layer of split-ring resonators (SRRs) can be excited to generate highly directive beams. In particular, we suggest two types of the SRR-HMS: a capacitively loaded SRR (CLSRR)-HMS and a substrate-backed double SRR (DSRR)-HMS. Both configurations ensure that the periodicity of the structures is sufficiently small for satisfying the effective medium theory. For the antenna design, we propose a two-layer-stacked configuration for the 2.4 GHz frequency band based on the DSRR-HMS excited by a folded monopole. Measurement results confirm numerical simulations and demonstrate that an antenna gain of more than 5 dBi can be obtained for the frequency range of 2.1 - 2.6 GHz, with a maximum gain of 7.8 dBi at 2.4 GHz.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd