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/content/aip/journal/adva/6/8/10.1063/1.4960988
2016-08-09
2016-12-10

Abstract

Due to the high global warming potential (GWP) and increasing environmental concerns, efforts on searching the alternative gases to SF, which is predominantly used as insulating and interrupting medium in high-voltage equipment, have become a hot topic in recent decades. Overcoming the drawbacks of the existing candidate gases, C5- perfluorinated ketone (C5 PFK) was reported as a promising gas with remarkable insulation capacity and the low GWP of approximately 1. Experimental measurements of the dielectric strength of this novel gas and its mixtures have been carried out, but the chemical decomposition pathways and products of C5 PFK during breakdown are still unknown, which are the essential factors in evaluating the electric strength of this gas in high-voltage equipment. Therefore, this paper is devoted to exploring all the possible decomposition pathways and species of C5 PFK by density functional theory (DFT). The structural optimizations, vibrational frequency calculations and energy calculations of the species involved in a considered pathway were carried out with DFT-(U)B3LYP/6-311G(d,p) method. Detailed potential energy surface was then investigated thoroughly by the same method. Lastly, six decomposition pathways of C5 PFK decomposition involving fission reactions and the reactions with a transition states were obtained. Important intermediate products were also determined. Among all the pathways studied, the favorable decomposition reactions of C5 PFK were found, involving C-C bond ruptures producing and in pathway , followed by subsequent C-C bond ruptures and internal F atom transfers in the decomposition of and presented in pathways + and + , respectively. Possible routes were pointed out in pathway and lead to the decomposition of , which is the main intermediate product found in pathway of decomposition. We also investigated the decomposition of , which can undergo unimolecular reactions to give the formation of , and products of CF + CF-CF in pathway . Although is dominant to a lesser extent due to its relative high energy barrier, its complicated decomposition pathway was also studied and CF, = CF as well as C-CF species were found as the ultimate products. To complete the decomposition of C5 PFK, pathway of decomposition was fully explored and the final products were obtained. Therefore, the integrate decomposition scheme of C5 PFK was proposed, which contains six pathways and forty-eight species (including all the reactants, products and transition states). This work is hopeful to lay a theoretical basis for the insulating properties of C5 PFK.

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