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Enhanced solar evaporation of water from porous media, through capillary mediated forces and surface treatment
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The relative influence of the capillary, Marangoni, and hydrophobic forces in mediating the evaporation of water from carbon
foam based porous media, in response to incident solar radiation, are investigated. It is indicated that inducing hydrophilic interactions on the surface, through nitric acid treatment of the foams, has a similar effect to reduced pore diameter and the ensuing capillary forces. The efficiency of water
evaporation may be parameterized through the Capillary number (Ca), with a lower Ca being preferred. The proposed study is of much relevance to efficient solar energy utilization.
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