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3-orbital filling in transition metal oxide is crucial to govern the catalytic activity in oxygen evolution reduction, nevertheless, it is not fundamentally accessible why specific orbital occupation produces a highest catalytic performance. Here, we utilize brownmillerite CaMnO to clarify the orbital selective catalytic behavior due to the crystal field splitting and on-site coulomb interactions. Within density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory, CaMnO shows a paramagnetic Mott insulating behavior at room temperature, consistent with optical adsorption spectra and magnetic susceptibility. As the center of the orbital locates in the lower Hubbard sub-band, the unit occupation on orbital provides a moderate bonding with external O* species to cause a high catalytic activity of CaMnO with a square pyramid crystal field. Such concept of unit occupation of near Fermi level could be extended to other crystal fields for future design of oxide catalysts.


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