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Multiferroicity in 0.7Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3-0.3Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics
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View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) Results of Rietveld analysis of the XRD pattern. The inset presents SEM surface morphology.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) Temperature dependence of (a) the magnetization (M) and inverse susceptibility (1/χ) and (b) the differential magnetization (dM/dT) with a ZFC measured at 0.5 T. Inset of 2(a) shows magnetic hysteresis loops measured at 4 and 300 K; inset of 2(b) displays the partly enlarged dM/dT-T curve.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) Temperature dependence of (a) the dielectric constant (ɛ), (b) the differential dielectric constant (/dT), and (c) the dielectric loss (tan δ) measured at various frequencies. The higher and lower insets of (b) depict the partly enlarged /dT-T curve; the inset of 3(c) presents the relation between the peak temperature of tan δ and frequency according to the Arrhenius law.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(Color online) (a) Polarization versus electric field (P-E) loops; (b) the strain-electric filed (S-E) butterfly curve measured at room temperature. The upper-left and lower-right insets of (a) show the remnant polarization (Pr ) as a function of temperature (T) and the P-E loop at Tm , respectively.


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Multiferroicity in 0.7Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3-0.3Pb(Ni1/3Nb2/3)O3 ceramics