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Coupled plasmonic modes in organic planar microcavities
1. S. A. Maier, Plasmonics—Fundamentals and Applications, 1st ed. (Springer, New York, 2007).
19. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 73rd ed., edited by D. R. Lide (CRC, Boca Raton, 1992).
20.We define the overall symmetry of the plasmonic modes with respect to the center of the optical structure. With reference to thin metallic layers, a monotonic field profile within the slab is defined as antisymmetric. On the other hand, a profile exhibiting a maximum or minimum of the field within the metal slab is defined as symmetric.
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We report on the nature of the resonant modes in organic planar microcavities featuring semi-transparent metallic layers. We theoretically demonstrate that symmetric microcavities support a total of four modes originating from the coupling of surface plasmon polaritons. For red top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes with one semi-transparent metallic electrode, we identify three coupled plasmonic modes and calculate a light outcoupling efficiency close to 34% when assuming emitters with isotropic transition dipole moment. This value is estimated to increase to 50% in the case the dipole moment is purely horizontal.
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