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XRD pattern of (011)-LSMO/PMN-0.3PT heterostructure. (a) θ-2θ scan, (b) Φ scans around (103) peaks for the LSMO (down) film and PMN-0.3PT substrate (up).
(Color online) The in-plane strain along the  (black sphere) and (red square) directions as the function of the electric field applied on the PMN-0.3PT substrate.
(Color online) (a) The schematic for the remnant magnetization measurement with electric field applied on the PMN-0.3PT substrate. (b) The hysteresis loops of the remnant magnetization along the  (black sphere) and (red square) directions. The inset is the corresponding tunability of the remnant magnetization and .
(Color online) Magnetic states of the LSMO film with 0 kV/cm (left) and +7.27 kV/cm (right) electric field applied on the PMN-0.3PT the substrate. The easy axis stay along the  direction (left) and are rotated about 22° by the electric-field-induced in-plane anisotropic strain (right).
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