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Basic device diagrams and operation (left) and photographs of demonstrations (right) of several liquid metal logos interconnected with a liquid metal mesh pattern.
Required Laplace pressure to move liquid metal of γ = 0.5 Nm−1 into a trench as a function of scaling the trench dimensions (x). One psi is equal to 6894.8 Nm−2.
Liquid actuation speed test for liquid metal driven into a 50 μm deep Kapton channel with ∼10 psi pressure, including: (a) time-lapse photographs of the tests; (b) advancing speed and horizontal area of the liquid metal vs. time.
Switching of (a),(b) resistive networks and (c) isolated “resonators,” all using the device structure of Fig. 1(b).
Reflection data from a switchable liquid metal antenna: with inset photo of the device.
Melting point, boiling point, vapor pressure, density, viscosity, surface tension, and conductivity for several liquids. Cu is listed for comparison only.
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