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Polyvinylpyrrolidone-modified indium tin oxide as an electron-collecting electrode for inverted polymer solar cells
5. H. Cheun, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, Y. H. Zhou, W. J. Potscavage, S. J. Kim, J. Shim, A. Dindar, and B. Kippelen, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 20713–20718 (2010).
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18. Y. H. Zhou, J. W. Shim, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, A. Sharma, K. A. Knauer, A. J. Giordano, S. R. Marder, and B. Kippelen, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. doi:10.1039/C2CP42448G, Advance Article (2012).
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We report on the photovoltaic properties of inverted polymer solar cells that use a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) modified indium tin oxide (ITO) layer as the electron-collecting electrode. An ultrathin PVP layer, prepared by spin-coating, on top of ITO, was used to induce a reduction of its work function, allowing it to act as an electron-collecting electrode. Devices made on pristine ITO showed s-shape current-voltage characteristics, which were removed after exposure to ultraviolet radiation due to a reduction of the work function of ITO. Inverted solar cells with ITO/PVP electrodes yield efficiencies comparable to devices with ITO/ZnO electron-selective electrodes.
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