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The role of Ag nanoparticles in inverted polymer solar cells: Surface plasmon resonance and backscattering centers
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Figures

Image of FIG. 1.

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FIG. 1.

(a) The structure of the inverted PSCs with Ag NPs. (b) AFM image of MoO3/Ag.

Image of FIG. 2.

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FIG. 2.

(a) J–V characteristics of devices with or without Ag NPs under 100 mW/cm2 simulated AM1.5 G in ambient air. (b) IPCE characteristics of devices with or without Ag NPs. (c) J–V characteristics of devices with different thickness of Ag under 100 mW/cm2 simulated AM1.5 G in ambient air. (d) IPCE characteristics of devices with different thickness of Ag.

Image of FIG. 3.

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FIG. 3.

The transmission spectra of devices without top Ag electrode, experiment and simulation by FDTD methods.

Image of FIG. 4.

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FIG. 4.

The simulated absorption profile of the device with Ag NPs by FDTD methods.

Tables

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Table I.

The detail performance parameter of devices with different thickness of Ag under 100 mW/cm2 simulated AM1.5 G in ambient air.

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/content/aip/journal/apl/102/12/10.1063/1.4798553
2013-03-26
2014-04-20

Abstract

Here, we demonstrate silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) existing in molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) buffer layers can improve the photocurrent by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and backscattering enhancement. The device structure is glass/indium tin oxides/titanium dioxide (TiO2)/regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene):[6,6]-phenyl C61 butyric acid methyl ester/MoO3/Ag NPs/MoO3/Ag. Compared to the device without Ag NPs, the short current density (Jsc ) is improved from 7.76 ± 0.14 mA/cm2 to 8.89 ± 0.12 mA/cm2, and the power conversion efficiency is also enhanced from 2.70% ± 0.11% to 3.35% ± 0.08%. The transmittance spectra show that the device with Ag NPs has weaker transmittance than the device without, which could be attributed to the photons absorption of Ag NPs and light scattering by Ag NPs. The absorption profile of the devices with or without Ag NPs is simulated using finite-difference time-domain methods. It is approved that the Ag NPs result in the absorption improvement by SPR and backscattering enhancement.

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Scitation: The role of Ag nanoparticles in inverted polymer solar cells: Surface plasmon resonance and backscattering centers
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/102/12/10.1063/1.4798553
10.1063/1.4798553
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