NOTICE: Scitation Maintenance Sunday, March 1, 2015.

Scitation users may experience brief connectivity issues on Sunday, March 1, 2015 between 12:00 AM and 7:00 AM EST due to planned network maintenance.

Thank you for your patience during this process.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Polarization-independent efficiency enhancement of organic solar cells by using 3-dimensional plasmonic electrode
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
1. M. Kauranen and A. V. Zayats, Nat. Photonics 6(11 ), 737748 (2012).
2. G. Li, R. Zhu, and Y. Yang, Nat. Photonics 6(3 ), 153161 (2012).
3. A. P. Kulkarni, K. M. Noone, K. Munechika, S. R. Guyer, and D. S. Ginger, Nano Lett. 10(4 ), 15011505 (2010).
4. X. H. Li, W. C. H. Choy, L. J. Huo, F. X. Xie, W. E. I. Sha, B. F. Ding, X. Guo, Y. F. Li, J. H. Hou, J. B. You, and Y. Yang, Adv. Mater. 24(22 ), 30463052 (2012).
5. X. Li, W. C. H. Choy, H. Lu, W. E. I. Sha, and A. H. P. Ho, “ Efficiency Enhancement of Organic Solar Cells by Using Shape-Dependent Broadband Plasmonic Absorption in Metallic Nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. (published online).
6. D. Madzharov, R. Dewan, and D. Knipp, Opt. Express 19(6 ), A95A107 (2011).
7. K. S. Nalwa, J. M. Park, K. M. Ho, and S. Chaudhary, Adv. Mater. 23(1 ), 112116 (2011).
8. D. H. Wang, J. Seifter, J. H. Park, D. G. Choi, and A. J. Heeger, Adv. Energy Mater. 2(11 ), 13191322 (2012).
9. W. L. Bai, Q. Q. Gan, G. F. Song, L. H. Chen, Z. Kafafi, and F. Bartoli, Opt. Express 18(23 ), A620A630 (2010).
10. E. Lee and C. Kim, Opt. Express 20(19 ), A740A753 (2012).
11. A. Naqavi, K. Soderstrom, F. J. Haug, V. Paeder, T. Scharf, H. P. Herzig, and C. Ballif, Opt. Express 19(1 ), 128140 (2011).
12. B. Niesen, B. P. Rand, P. Van Dorpe, D. Cheyns, L. Tong, A. Dmitriev, and P. Heremans, Adv. Energy Mater. 3(2 ), 145150 (2013).
13. X. H. Li, W. E. I. Sha, W. C. H. Choy, D. D. S. Fung, and F. X. Xie, J. Phys. Chem. C 116(12 ), 72007206 (2012).
14. J. You, X. Li, F.-x. Xie, W. E. I. Sha, J. H. W. Kwong, G. Li, W. C. H. Choy, and Y. Yang, Adv. Energy Mater. 2(10 ), 12031207 (2012).
15. H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9(3 ), 205213 (2010).
16. T. Sondergaard, S. M. Novikov, T. Holmgaard, R. L. Eriksen, J. Beermann, Z. H. Han, K. Pedersen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Nat. Commun. 3, 969 (2012).
17. L. Muller-Meskamp, Y. H. Kim, T. Roch, S. Hofmann, R. Scholz, S. Eckardt, K. Leo, and A. F. Lasagni, Adv. Mater. 24(7 ), 906910 (2012).
18. A. Baba, N. Aoki, K. Shinbo, K. Kato, and F. Kaneko, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3(6 ), 20802084 (2011).
19. X. Y. Duan, S. Q. Chen, H. F. Yang, H. Cheng, J. J. Li, W. W. Liu, C. Z. Gu, and J. G. Tian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14 ), 143105 (2012).
20. L. Li, Y. Yang, and C. H. Liang, J. Appl. Phys. 110(6 ), 063702 (2011).
21. W. E. I. Sha, W. C. H. Choy, and W. C. Chew, Opt. Lett. 36(4 ), 478480 (2011).
22. H. X. Xu, G. M. Wang, M. Q. Qi, J. G. Liang, J. Q. Gong, and Z. M. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 86(20 ), 205104 (2012).
23. Y. Liu, R. Dhakal, V. Dalal, and J. Kim, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(23 ), 233904 (2012).
24. C. M. Hsu, C. Battaglia, C. Pahud, Z. C. Ruan, F. J. Haug, S. H. Fan, C. Ballif, and Y. Cui, Adv. Energy Mater. 2(6 ), 628633 (2012).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



Plasmonic back reflectors have recently become a promising strategy for realizing efficient organic solar cell (OSCs). Since plasmonic effects are strongly sensitive to light polarization, it is highly desirable to simultaneously achieve polarization-independent response and enhanced power conversion efficiency (PCE) by designing the nanostructured geometry of plasmonic reflector electrode. Here, through a strategic analysis of 2-dimensional grating (2D) and 3-dimensional patterns (3D), with similar periodicity as a plasmonic back reflector, we find that the OSCs with 3D pattern achieve the best PCE enhancement by 24.6%, while the OSCs with 2D pattern can offer 17.5% PCE enhancement compared to the optimized control OSCs. Importantly, compared with the 2D pattern, the 3D pattern shows a polarization independent plasmonic response, which will greatly extend its uses in photovoltaic applications. This work shows the significances of carefully selecting and designing geometry of plasmonic nanostructures in achieving high-efficient, polarization-independent plasmonic OSCs.


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Polarization-independent efficiency enhancement of organic solar cells by using 3-dimensional plasmonic electrode