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Pyroelectric electron emission from nanometer-thick films of PbZrx
15. R. B. Marcus, T. S. Ravi, T. Gmitter, K. Chin, D. Liu, W. J. Orvis, D. R. Ciarlo, C. E. Hunt, and J. Trujillo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 236 (1990).
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We report pyroelectric emission from PbZrxTi1−xO3 (PZT) thin films on nanometer-sharp tips. The epitaxial PZT films are 30 nm thick and grown directly on single-crystal silicon tips. Pyroelectric emission occurs for heating rates of ≥50 °C/min in a 20 V/μm external field. The emission current is a maximum of 240 nA when the heating rate is 100 °C/min and the electric field strength is ≥6.7 V/μm. The emitted charge is ∼7% of that expected for a perfect thin film emitter of epitaxial PbZrxTi1−xO3. We calculate that pyroelectric emission can occur without an applied field if the heating rate exceeds 4.0 × 107 °C/min.
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