Full text loading...
The schematic diagrams of the QW M-Z modulator with a bias voltage in (a) and the QW configuration and electronic band structures in (b) where is the energy of the nth subband and is the Fermi energy. is the length of QWs. The red and blue regions denote the QW active layer and the electrodes, respectively.
The net maximum refractive index change (a) and its normalized position in spectrum domain (b) versus the bias electric field .
Optical absorption coefficient versus normalized incident photonic energy with applied electric fields in (a) and without applied electric fields in (b).
The spectra of the chirp factor for the QW with L = 15 nm under various applied electric fields.
Article metrics loading...