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(a) A photograph and (b) a schematic diagram of the experimental arrangement.
The inactivation kinetics of S. aureus as a function of the time treated by PAW.
Optical emission spectra of Ar/O2 plasma. (a) O (777 nm) and (b) O (844 nm) emission intensities for the plasma.
The ORP value of water and PAW. Statistically (***P < 0.001) significant difference was observed between each two groups (paired T-test is used between each two groups).
The color of the bacteria suspension (a) with distilled water and (b) with PAW-0 treatment for 20 min.
Release of cell materials from S. aureus treated with PAW-0.
TEM of S. aureus treated by (a) distilled water and (b) PAW-0 for 20 min.
Atomic percentage of control and PAW-0 treated bacteria based on the survey spectra.
The relative intensity of the fitted C 1s peaks.
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