1887
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
f
Improving light-emitting electrochemical cells with ionic additives
Rent:
Rent this article for
Access full text Article
/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674
1.
1. A. Bergh, G. Craford, A. Duggal, and R. Haitz, Phys. Today 54(12), 42 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1445547
2.
2. F. So, J. Kido, and P. Burrows, MRS Bull. 33, 663 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1557/mrs2008.137
3.
3. J. W. Park, D. C. Shin, and S. H. Park, Semicond. Sci. Technol. 26, 034002 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0268-1242/26/3/034002
4.
4. Y. Sun, N. C. Giebink, H. Kanno, B. W. Ma, M. E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest, Nature 440, 908 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04645
5.
5. D. Tanaka, H. Sasabe, Y. J. Li, S. J. Su, T. Takeda, and J. Kido, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 46, L10 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.46.L10
6.
6. S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, Nature 459, 234 (2009).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08003
7.
7. Q. B. Pei, G. Yu, C. Zhang, Y. Yang, and A. J. Heeger, Science 269, 1086 (1995).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5227.1086
8.
8. J. C. deMello, N. Tessler, S. C. Graham, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. B 57, 12951 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.57.12951
9.
9. J. Maier, Nature Mater. 4, 805 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat1513
10.
10. E. S. Handy, A. J. Pal, and M. F. Rubner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 3525 (1999).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja984163n
11.
11. F. G. Gao and A. J. Bard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 7426 (2000).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja000666t
12.
12. J. Slinker, D. Bernards, P. L. Houston, H. D. Abruña, S. Bernhard, and G. G. Malliaras, Chem. Commun. 2003, 2392.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B304265K
13.
13. J. D. Slinker, J. Rivnay, J. S. Moskowitz, J. B. Parker, S. Bernhard, H. D. Abruna, and G. G. Malliaras, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 2976 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b704017b
14.
14. R. D. Costa, E. Ortí, and H. J. Bolink, Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 2115 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1351/PAC-CON-11-07-20
15.
15. T. Hu, L. He, L. Duan, and Y. Qiu, J. Mater. Chem. 22, 4206 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2jm16185k
16.
16. R. D. Costa, E. Ortí, H. J. Bolink, F. Monti, G. Accorsi, and N. Armaroli, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 51, 8178 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/anie.201201471
17.
17. H. J. Bolink, E. Coronado, R. D. Costa, N. Lardies, and E. Orti, Inorg. Chem. 47, 9149 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic801587n
18.
18. H.-C. Su, C.-C. Wu, F.-C. Fang, and K.-T. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 261118 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2425008
19.
19. H. Rudmann and M. F. Rubner, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 4338 (2001).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1409577
20.
20. R. D. Costa, E. Ortı, H. J. Bolink, S. Graber, C. E. Housecroft, and E. C. Constable, Adv. Funct. Mater. 20, 1511 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201000043
21.
21. H. J. Bolink, E. Coronado, R. D. Costa, E. Orti, M. Sessolo, S. Graber, K. Doyle, M. Neuburger, C. E. Housecroft, and E. C. Constable, Adv. Mater. 20, 3910 (2008).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.200801322
22.
22. D. Tordera, S. Meier, M. Lenes, R. D. Costa, E. Ortí, W. Sarfert, and H. J. Bolink, Adv. Mater. 24, 897 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201104047
23.
23. J. D. Slinker, D. A. Bernards, G. G. Malliaras, S. Flores-Torres, and H. D. Abruña, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4980 (2004).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1762983
24.
24. J. D. Slinker, J. Rivnay, J. A. DeFranco, D. A. Bernards, A. A. Gorodetsky, S. T. Parker, M. P. Cox, R. Rohl, G. G. Malliaras, S. Flores-Torres, and H. D. Abruna, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 074502 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2186031
25.
25. J. M. Moran-Mirabal, J. D. Slinker, J. A. DeFranco, S. S. Verbridge, R. Ilic, S. Flores-Torres, H. D. Abruña, G. G. Malliaras, and H. G. Craighead, Nano Lett. 7, 458 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl062778+
26.
26. Y. Hu and J. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 253514 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2422877
27.
27. C. H. Lyons, E. D. Abbas, J. K. Lee, and M. F. Rubner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 12100 (1998).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja981057c
28.
28. J.-C. Leprêtre, A. Deronzier, and O. Stéphan, Synth. Met. 131, 175 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0379-6779(02)00194-7
29.
29. H. Rudmann, S. Shimida, and M. F. Rubner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 4918 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja012721j
30.
30. M. Buda, G. Kalyuzhny, and A. J. Bard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 6090 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja017834h
31.
31. H. J. Bolink, L. Cappelli, E. Coronado, A. Parham, and P. Stössel, Chem. Mater. 18, 2778 (2006).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm052295r
32.
32. L. Sun, A. Galan, S. Ladouceur, J. D. Slinker, and E. Zysman-Colman, Chem. Mater. 21, 18083 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C1JM12984H
33.
33. S. T. Parker, J. D. Slinker, M. S. Lowry, M. P. Cox, S. Bernhard, and G. G. Malliaras, Chem. Mater. 17, 3187 (2005).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm050314r
34.
34. T. W. Hesterberg, X. Yang, and B. J. Holliday, Polyhedron 29, 110 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.poly.2009.06.014
35.
35. K. R. Schwartz, R. Chitta, J. N. Bohnsack, D. J. Ceckanowicz, P. Miro, C. J. Cramer, and K. R. Mann, Inorg. Chem. 51, 5082 (2012).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic202573y
36.
36. J. R. Brodrick, Solid-State Lighting Research and Development: Multi-Year Program Plan, U. S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC, 2012), 9th Report, p. 33.
37.
37. G. Kalyuzhny, M. Buda, J. McNeill, P. Barbara, and A. J. Bard, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 6272 (2003).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja029550i
38.
38. D. R. Blasini, J. Rivnay, D.-M. Smilgies, J. D. Slinker, S. Flores-Torres, H. D. Abruña, and G. G. Malliaras, J. Mater. Chem. 17, 1458 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b700505a
39.
39. J. C. deMello, Phys. Rev. B 66, 235210 (2002).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.66.235210
40.
40. J. D. Slinker, J. A. DeFranco, M. J. Jaquith, W. R. Silveira, Y. W. Zhong, J. M. Moran-Mirabal, H. G. Craighead, H. D. Abruña, J. A. Marohn, and G. G. Malliaras, Nature Mater. 6, 894 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat2021
41.
41. L. S. C. Pingree, D. B. Rodovsky, D. C. Coffey, G. P. Bartholomew, and D. S. Ginger, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 15903 (2007).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja074760m
42.
42. D. B. Rodovsky, O. G. Reid, L. S. C. Pingree, and D. S. Ginger, ACS Nano 4, 2673 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nn1003315
43.
43. S. van Reenen, P. Matyba, A. Dzwilewski, R. A. J. Janssen, L. Edman, and M. Kemerink, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 13776 (2010).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja1045555
44.
44. M. Lenes, G. Garcia-Belmonte, D. Tordera, A. Pertegas, J. Bisquert, and H. J. Bolink, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 1581 (2011).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201002587
45.
journal-id:
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674
Loading
/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674
2013-05-23
2014-09-19

Abstract

Light-emitting electrochemical cells with ionic transition metal complexes (iTMCs) comprising the active layer have great potential for lighting applications, but to date high luminance and fast turn on times have been challenging to attain without significant loss of lifetime. Here, we demonstrate iridium iTMC devices with high luminances of 3000–5000 cd/m, reduced turn on times, and long lifetimes through incorporation of ionic additives. Furthermore, we show additional reduction of turn on time to seconds through heat processing. We rationalize these results as the enhancement of carrier injection through improved double-layer formation at the electrodes.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aip/journal/apl/102/20/1.4807674.html;jsessionid=6qep0nr62bjdh.x-aip-live-06?itemId=/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah&containerItemId=content/aip/journal/apl
true
true
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
This feature is disabled while Scitation upgrades its access control system.
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Improving light-emitting electrochemical cells with ionic additives
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/102/20/10.1063/1.4807674
10.1063/1.4807674
SEARCH_EXPAND_ITEM