NOTICE: Scitation Maintenance Tuesday, May 5, 2015

Scitation will be unavailable on Tuesday, May 5, 2015 between 3:00 AM and 4:00 AM EST due to planned network maintenance.

Thank you for your patience during this process.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. H. Vazquez, F. Flores, and A. Kahn, Org. Electron. 8, 241 (2007);
1. H. Vázquez, W. Gao, F. Flores, and A. Kahn, Phys. Rev. B 71, 041306R (2005);
1. H. Vázquez, R. Oszwaldowski, P. Pou, J. Ortega, R. Pérez, F. Flores, and A. Kahn, Europhys. Lett. 65, 802 (2004).
2. C. Tengstedt, W. Osikowicz, W. R. Salaneck, I. D. Parker, C. H. Hsu, and M. Fahlman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(5), 053502 (2006).
3. M. Fahlman, A. Crispin, X. Crispin, S. K. M. Henze, M. P. de Jong, W. Osikowicz, C. Tengstedt, and W. R. Salaneck, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 19, 183202 (2007).
4. S. Braun, W. R. Salaneck, and M. Fahlman, Adv. Mater. 21(14), 1450 (2009).
5. S. Braun, M. P. de Jong, W. Osikowicz, and W. R. Salaneck, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 202108 (2007).
6. S. Braun, X. Liu, W. R. Salaneck, and M. Fahlman, Org. Electron. 11(2), 212 (2010).
7. G. Brocks, D. Çakır, M. Bokdam, M. P. de Jong, and M. Fahlman, Org. Electron. 13, 1793 (2012).
8. H. Aarnio, P. Sehati, S. Braun, M. Nyman, M. P. de Jong, M. Fahlman, and R. Österbacka, Adv. Energy Mater. 1, 792 (2011).
9. M. Bokdam, D. Çakır, and G. Brocks, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 113303 (2011).
10. W. Osikowicz, M. P. de Jong, and W. R. Salaneck, Adv. Mater. 19, 4213 (2007).
11. V. Gohri, S. Hofmann, S. Reineke, T. Rosenow, M. Thomschke, M. Levichkova, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, Org. Electron. 12(12), 2126 (2011);
11. M. Kim, Y. S. Lee, Y. C. Kim, M. S. Choi, and J. Y. Lee, Synth. Met. 161, 2318 (2011);
11. B. E. Lassiter, G. Wei, S. Wang, J. D. Zimmerman, V. V. Diev, M. E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 243307 (2011);
11. S. Tanida, K. Noda, H. Kawabata, and K. Matsushige, Thin Solid Films 518(2), 571 (2009).
12. A. Curioni, M. Boero, and W. Andreoni, Chem. Phys. Lett. 294, 263 (1998).
13. D. Çakir, M. Bokdam, M. P. de Jong, M. Fahlman, and G. Brocks, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 203302 (2012).
14. S. Duhm, G. Heimel, I. Salzmann, H. Glowatzki, R. L. Johnson, A. Vollmer, J. P. Rabe, and N. Koch, Nature Mater. 7, 326 (2008);
14. W. Chen, H. Huang, S. Chen, Y. L. Huang, X. Y. Gao, and A. T. S. Wee, Chem. Mater. 20, 7017 (2008).
15. P. C. Rusu, G. Giovannetti, C. Weijtens, R. Coehoorn, and G. Brocks, J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 9974 (2009);
15. P. C. Rusu, G. Giovannetti, C. Weijtens, R. Coehoorn, and G. Brocks, Phys. Rev. B 81, 125403 (2010).
16. E. Ito, Y. Washizu, N. Hayashi, H. Ishii, N. Matsuie, K. Tsuboi, Y. Ouchi, Y. Harima, K. Yamashita, and K. Seki, J. Appl. Phys. 92(12), 7306 (2002).
17. Y. Okabayashi, E. Ito, T. Isoshima, and M. Hara, Appl. Phys. Exp. 5, 055601 (2012).
18. S. Yanagisawa and Y. Morikawa, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 064247 (2009).
19. M. Brinkmann, G. Gadret, M. Muccini, C. Taliani, N. Masciocchi, and A. Sironi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 5147 (2000).

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



The energy level alignment in metal-organic and organic-organic junctions of the widely used materials tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline)aluminum (Alq) and 1,4,5,8-naphthalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride (NTCDA) is investigated. The measured alignment schemes for single and bilayer films of Alq and NTCDA are interpreted with the integer charge transfer (ICT) model. Single layer films of Alq feature a constant vacuum level shift of ∼0.2–0.4 eV in the absence of charge transfer across the interface. This finding is attributed to the intrinsic dipole of the Alq molecule and (partial) ordering of the molecules at the interfaces. The vacuum level shift changes the onset of Fermi level pinning, as it changes the energy needed for equilibrium charge transfer across the interface.


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address

Oops! This section, does not exist...

Use the links on this page to find existing content.

752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Role of intrinsic molecular dipole in energy level alignment at organic interfaces