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High-performance and air-processed polymer solar cells by room-temperature drying of the active layer
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High device performance is demonstrated in air-processed polymer solar cells made from an active layer of poly(3-hexylthiophene) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, with optimized efficiency and fill factor as high as 4.71% and 0.71, respectively. The degree of self-organization of the active layer can be varied by controlling the solvent evaporation rate at different room temperature (298–292 K). Device performance improvement originates from an increased absorption and increased charge-carrier mobility in the active layer. This free-annealing process compatible with flexible substrates contributes to a flexible cell with an efficiency of 4.06%.
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