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Visual degradation in Leonardo da Vinci's iconic self-portrait: A nanoscale study
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    Affiliations:
    1 ETSF, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Rome, Italy
    2 Istituto di Struttura della Materia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Rome, Italy
    3 Istituto Centrale per il Restauro e la Conservazione del Patrimonio Archivistico e Librario, Via Milano 76, 00184 Rome, Italy
    4 Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Ingardena 3, 30-060 Kraków, Poland
    5 Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Salaria Km 29.300, 00016 Monterotondo Scalo (Rome), Italy
    Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 224101 (2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4879838
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http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/104/22/10.1063/1.4879838
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/content/aip/journal/apl/104/22/10.1063/1.4879838
2014-06-03
2014-07-23

Abstract

The discoloration of ancient paper, due to the development of oxidized groups acting as chromophores in its chief component, cellulose, is responsible for severe visual degradation in ancient artifacts. By adopting a non-destructive approach based on the combination of optical reflectance measurements and time-dependent density functional theory calculations, we describe and quantify the chromophores affecting Leonardo da Vinci's iconic self-portrait. Their relative concentrations are very similar to those measured in modern and ancient samples aged in humid environments. This analysis quantifies the present level of optical degradation of the Leonardo da Vinci's self-portrait which, compared with future measurements, will assess its degradation rate. This is a fundamental information in order to plan appropriate conservation strategies.

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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Visual degradation in Leonardo da Vinci's iconic self-portrait: A nanoscale study
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/apl/104/22/10.1063/1.4879838
10.1063/1.4879838
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