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/content/aip/journal/apl/108/7/10.1063/1.4941240
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/content/aip/journal/apl/108/7/10.1063/1.4941240
2016-02-16
2016-12-09

Abstract

Optical to electrical power converting semiconductor devices were achieved with breakthrough performance by designing a Vertical EpitaxialHeterostructure Architecture. The devices are featuring modeled and measured conversion efficiencies greater than 65%. The ultrahigh conversion efficiencies were obtained by monolithically integrating several thin GaAs photovoltaic junctions tailored with submicron absorption thicknesses and grown in a single crystal by epitaxy. The heterostructures that were engineered with a number of such ultrathin junctions yielded an optimal external quantum efficiencies approaching 100%/. The heterostructures are capable of output voltages that are multiple times larger than the corresponding photovoltage of the input light. The individual nanoscale junctions are each generating up to ∼1.2 V of output voltage when illuminated in the infrared. We compare the optoelectronic properties of phototransducers prepared with designs having 5 to 12 junctions and that are exhibiting voltage outputs between >5 V and >14 V.

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