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A many-body GW
+ BSE investigation of electronic and optical properties of C2
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A recently synthesized layered material C2N was investigated based on many-body perturbation theory using the GW plus Bethe-Salpeter equation approach. The electronic band gap was determined to be ranging from 3.75 to 1.89 eV from the monolayer to the bulk. Significant GW quasiparticle corrections, of more than 0.9 eV, to the Kohn-Sham band gaps from the local density approximation calculations are found. Strong excitonic effects play a crucial role in optical properties. We found large binding energies of greater than 0.6 eV for bound excitons in few-layer C2N, while it is only 0.04 eV in bulk C2N. All the structures exhibit strong and broad optical absorption in the visible light region, which makes C2N a promising candidate for solar energy conversion, such as photocatalytic water splitting.
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