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/content/aip/journal/apl/109/14/10.1063/1.4964411
2016-10-06
2016-12-04

Abstract

Lead-free ceramics with the composition 0.91KBiTiO–0.09(0.82BiFeO-0.15NdFeO-0.03NdTiO) were prepared using a conventional solid state, mixed oxide route. The ceramics exhibited a high strain of 0.16% at 6 kV mm−1, stable from room temperature to 175 °C, with a variation of <10%. The materials were fabricated into multilayer structures by co-firing with Pt internal electrodes. The prototype multilayer actuator exhibited constant strains up to 300 °C with a variation of ∼15%. The composition showed fatigue resistant behaviour in both monolithic and multilayer form after bipolar loading of 106 cycles.

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