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Verification of antiferromagnetic exchange coupling at room temperature using polar magneto-optic Kerr effect in thin EuS/Co multilayers with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy
S. D. Pappas, P. Poulopoulos, B. Lewitz, A. Straub, A. Goschew, V. Kapaklis, F. Wilhelm, A. Rogalev, and P. Fumagalli, Sci. Rep. 3, 1333 (2013).
P. Poulopoulos, A. Goschew, V. Kapaklis, M. Wolff, A. Delimitis, F. Wilhelm, A. Rogalev, S. D. Pappas, A. Straub, and P. Fumagalli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 112411 (2014).
M. Szot, L. Kowalczyk, K. Gas, V. Domukhovski, W. Knoff, V. V. Volobuev, A. Y. Sipatkov, A. G. Fedorov, and T. Story, Acta Phys. Pol. A 114(5), 1397–1402 (2008).
P. Poulopoulos, B. Lewitz, A. Straub, S. D. Pappas, S. A. Droulias, S. Baskoutas, and P. Fumagalli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 211910 (2012).
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We report on magneto-optic Kerr measurements in polar geometry carried out on a series of thin Co/EuS multilayers on suitable Co/Pd-multilayer substrates. Thin Co/EuS multilayers of a few nanometers individual layer thickness usually have their magnetization in plane. Co/Pd multilayers introduce a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in the Co/EuS layers deposited on top, thus making it possible to measure magneto-optic signals in the polar geometry in remanence in order to study exchange coupling. Magneto-optic Kerr-effect spectra and hysteresis loops were recorded in the visible and ultraviolet photon-energy range at room temperature. The EuS contribution to the magneto-optic signal is extracted at 4.1 eV by combining hysteresis loops measured at different photon energies with polar magneto-optic Kerr-effect spectra recorded in remanence and in an applied magnetic field of 2.2 T. The extracted EuS signal shows clear signs of antiferromagnetic coupling of the Eu magnetic moments to the Co layers. This implies that the ordering temperature of at least a fraction of the EuS layers is above room temperature proving that magneto-optic Kerr-effect spectroscopy can be used here as a quasi-element-specific method.
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