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Optical modulation by optical tuning of a cavity
1.See several articles in Phys. Today 29, No. 5 (1976).
2.M. A. Duguay, in Progress in Optics XIV, edited by E. Wolf (North‐Holland, Amsterdam, 1976), p. 163.
2.E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Phys. Today 31, No. 5, 41 (1978);
2.D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, and O. Teschke in Picosecond Phenomena, edited by C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, and S. L. Shapiro (Springer‐Verlag, Berlin, 1978), p. 96;
2.A. M. Glass and T. J. Negran, Appl. Phys. Lett. 24, 81 (1974).
3.H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, and T. N. C. Venkatesan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 36, 1135 (1976);
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4.P. W. Smith and E. H. Turner, Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 280 (1977);
4.P. W. Smith, I. P. Kaminow, P. J. Maloney, and L. W. Stulz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 62 (1979).
5.A. A. Kastal’skii, Sov. Phys.‐Semicond. 7, 635 (1973). We have discovered that this early article contains the essential concepts of hybrid optical bistability in which an intracavity electro‐optic crystal is actuated by a signal proportional to the output. Kastal’skii appreciated the power of intracavity index changes. He did not propose intrinsic (Ref. 3) bistable or switching devices in which the index changes are induced by the light directly, nor does he discuss control of one light beam by another.
6.A. Y. Cho, J. Vac. Soc. Technol. 8, 531 (1971).
7.B. Schwartz, J. C. Dyment, and S. E. Haszko, in Proceedings of the Internatioal Symposium on GaAs, edited by C. I. Pederson (The Institute of Physics and the Physical Society, London, 1973), p. 187.
8.S. L. McCall and H. M. Gibbs, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1378 (1978).
9.H. M. Gibbs, S. L. McCall, T. N. C. Venkatesan, A. C. Gossard, A. Passner, and W. Wiegman (unpublished).
10.C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, R. F. Leheny, and J. Shah, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 112 (1979).
11.Theseconclusions are based on an n of and of as supplied by Gary Abyad, Corning Glass. Also we use a specific heat of and a density of
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