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Optical limiter using a lead phthalocyanine
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14.Since these studies were begun, it was reported that for some related phthalocyanines the absorption cross sections of the low lying excited states were 10–30 times larger than the cross section of the ground state at 532 nm. K. Mansour, D. Alvarez, K. J. Perry, I. Choong, S. Marder, and J. Perry, Proc. SPIE 1853 (in press).
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16.See, for example, G. Ferraudi, in Phthalocyanines, Properties and Applications, edited by C. C. Leznoff and A. B. P. Lever (VCH, New York, 1989), p. 291.
17.The peak energy density at focus is calculated from where is the total energy incident on the sample, n is the refractive index of the solution, and r is the radius of the focal spot measured in air. Different definitions have been used by other authors.
18.K. Monsour, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1100 (1992).
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