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Direct measurement of internal potential distribution in organic electroluminescent diodes during operation
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11.Work function and valence band edge are estimated by atmospheric photoelectron emission analysis. Conduction band edges are estimated from valence band edges and optical band gaps. Values of the work function for ITO and Mg are 5.25 and 3.66 eV, respectively. Values of the upper edges of valence bands for TPD and are 5.60 and 5.85 eV, respectively. Values of the lower edges of conduction bands for TPD and are 2.75 and 3.05 eV, respectively.
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