Full text loading...
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Simulation of the transformation from the C49 to the C54 phase of in blanket films and narrow conductors
1.S. Privitera, F. La Via, C. Spinella, S. Quilici, A. Borghesi, F. Meinardi, M. G. Grimaldi, and E. Rimini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 7013 (2000).
2.J. W. Christian, The Theory of Transformations in Metals and Alloys, Part I, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1975).
3.Z. Ma and L. H. Allen, Phys. Rev. B 49, 13501 (1994).
4.Z. Ma, L. H. Allen, and D. D. J. Allman, J. Appl. Phys. 77, 4384 (1995).
5.S. Privitera, F. La Via, M. G. Grimaldi, and E. Rimini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3863 (1998).
6.J. A. Kittl, D. A. Prinslow, P. P. Apte, and M. F. Pas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2308 (1995).
7.V. A. Shneidman, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 33, 1338 (1988).
8.All these values of activation energies, although in agreement with previous estimations (Refs. 3, 5, and 6), appear to be quite high, especially the activation energy for grain growth that, being an activation energy for diffusion, is expected to be much smaller (Refs. 9 and 10). One should bear in mind that the derivation of these values is based on some assumptions that may not be all fulfilled in the present experiment. For example, the above mentioned activation energies may depend on temperature, since the small Gibbs free energy difference between C49 and C54 may be a function of temperature because of either a difference in the entropies of the two phases, or a stress relaxation.
9.P. Gas and F. M. d’Heurle, Diffusion in Semiconductors and Non-Metallic Solids, edited by D. L. Beke and Landolt Börnstein (Springer, Berlin, 1998).
10.M. Mehrer, Diffusion in Metals and Alloys, Landolt Börnstein (Springer, Berlin, 1990).
Article metrics loading...