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Fabrication and electrical characterization of polyaniline-based nanofibers with diameter below 30 nm
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6.Semiconducting SWNTs are doped by exposure to atmosphere and have a one-dimensional conductivity well above the SCM detection limit.
7.PEO nanofibers were electrospun from a solution of 50 mg PEO (mol. wt. 900 000) dissolved in 10 ml chloroform and collected on an oxidized silicon wafer. SCM of insulating and conducting fibers will be discussed in detail elsewhere [C. Staii, N. Pinto, and A. T. Johnson (unpublished)].
8.Fibers are dedoped when placed in water, with a color change from green to deep blue. Nanofibers show an age-dependent conductivity if left in air that is minimized if they are stored in a water-free atmosphere [J. Goldsmith, A.G. MacDiarmid, and A.T. Johnson (unpublished)].
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