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Laser manipulation of iron for nanofabrication
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14.About 46% of atoms remain in the ground state at an oven temperature of . Since the probability for the atoms to decay to the metastable states is 1:243 for every scattered photon, only of atoms leave the laser cooling region in the ground state, provided a completely saturated transition [E. te Sligte et al., Microelectron. Eng. 67,68, 664 (2003)]. In addition, there are 8.2% of other iron isotopes that do not couple to the SW laser field. This implies that only of all atoms are affected by the SW.
15.E. te Sligte, B. Smeets, K. M. R. van der Stam, R. W. Herfst, P. van der Straten, H. C. W. Beijerinck, and K. A. H. van Leeuwen, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).
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