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Transmittance value of Ir layers at a wavelength of as a function of -plasma treatment time.
(a) Current density-voltage and (b) luminescence-voltage characteristics of OLEDs with different anodes.
(a) and (b) core-level spectra for three kinds of anodes.
(a) Relative change of VBM and (b) secondary electron emission spectra for the samples.
Schematic band diagram: (a) -plasma-treated ITO and (b) -plasma-treated Ir layer on ITOs.
Anode preparation methods for OLEDs.
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